CoreXY Vs Cartesian: Know The Basic Difference Between Them

If you’re new to 3D printing, you’ve probably heard about the different types of 3D printers. FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling) printers are a popular choice because they are affordable, high-performance, and can be used to make a wide variety of plastic items including mechanical parts.

FDM printers Further, they can be classified into seven categories: Delta, CoreXYY Polar, Polar, Hbot, Scara, and Belt.

These printers are different from one another. They use their own kinematics for printing. 3D printing.

We’ll be discussing two of the most well-known printing systems, CoreXY and Cartesian to keep things simple.

If you’re looking to buy, a budget 3D printer You aren’t sure which one of the two printing methods is best for you? Read this CoreXY Vs Cartesian comparison!

What is a CoreXY 3D Printer?

CoreXY is a 3D printer system that was invented by an engineer at MIT in 2013. It is classified by MIT as Cartesian because it uses a particular coordinate system.

CoreXY printers come in cube shapes and are made up of pulleys as well as belts. Each belt is equipped with a stepper motor that moves in different directions, reducing the possibility of unwanted twisting. printing a 3D model.

The combined motions of the belts cause the print head to shift at an angle of 45 degrees.

The motors can also be kept in one place, which reduces overall weight.

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CoreXY Systems: The Advantages

Faster printing speeds

CoreXY printers offer a major advantage: they are faster than other FDM printers.

A moving gantry is often attached to other printers. The gantry’s rushing motion causes excessive vibration during the printing process. This can lead to artifacts.

CoreXY’s design features fixed-stepping motors and a vertically-moving printing bed. This means that the tool head is the only component of the printer that can move mass at an appreciable rate.

The entire mechanical part of the printer reduces vibrations, eliminating artifacts.

While CoreXY printers can reach high speeds, they don’t compromise on the print quality.

High Stability

The CoreXY printer’s X and Y stepper motors are fixed, while the moving gantry is light, so the overall setup provides high stability.


Most 3D printers have a base twice the volume of the build volume. This allows the printing bed to move easily and the tool head can utilize the entire area. The 3D printer’s long design makes it difficult for you to place it on a workbench, or to enclose it.

On CoreXY printers, on the other hand, have a tool head that can move in both X- and Y directions. This allows for easy access to the entire buildplate. It doesn’t require extra space and has a small footprint, so you can place it anywhere and start printing.

CoreXY Systems Limitations

Tensioning Of Belts

The CoreXY printer’s belts add to the problem list. Because these are the most critical components of the printer they must be correctly tensioned to allow it to function flawlessly.

Keep in mind that the belts shouldn’t be too tight as tightening will cause them to wear and lose accuracy of the printer. If they are too loose, it can cause ringing in the printed object and affect the print quality.

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CoreXY printers have a frame that is more stable than other 3D printers. However it must be assembled perfectly square in order to print flawlessly.

A corner bracket is added to make it easier for the frame to remain square.

What is a Cartesian 3-D Printer?

Cartesian 3D printers can be found all over the world. This printer uses XY, Y, Z coordinates for moving the print head or bed to print a 3D object.

Cartesian printers move components linearly along the Z, X, and Y axes. They should be kept stable to ensure excellent print quality.

These printers also use Cartesian coordinates for mapping out the areas they are to be printed.

Advantages of Cartesian Systems


Cartesian 3D Printers are loved by professionals and beginners alike because they are affordable.

It’s easy to use

Cartesian 3D Printers are affordable and easy to set up. Most Cartesian 3D Printers arrive fully assembled and ready to use. However, some printers may take up to 5 minutes to assemble.

Precise Printing

Cartesian 3D Printers are easy to use and affordable. However, they guarantee accurate printing. They feature a mechanism that allows for models to be created with flawless details and smooth texture.

Great Support

Cartesian 3D printers are very popular and have a large community that can help you with any problems.

Parts Available

Popularity of Cartesian 3D printers has also led to a wide availability of spare parts.

Limitations of Cartesian Systems

Slower Print Speed

Cartesian 3D Printers have a heavy print head. This means that it takes some time for the printer to move and draw the lines. Because of the great momentum, it can’t change direction quickly, which would otherwise, affect the print quality.

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More weight

Cartesian 3D Printers are slower than other printers. Their heavy frame means that it takes up more space.

Comparing Cartesian Vs CoreXY


CoreXY 3D printers require practice and time to assemble the parts, while Cartesian printers are quick and easy to set up.


CoreXY printers can print quickly due to its lightweight structure, while Cartesian printers take longer.


CoreXY printer heads can move at an angle 45 degrees, while Cartesian printer heads can move between zero and 90 degrees.


CoreXY 3D Printers use belts to print, while Cartesian printers rely on the X, Z, and Y coordinates.


CoreXY printers tend to be more expensive than Cartesian printers.

Bottom Line – Which One is For You?

It is important to understand the purpose of 3D printing before you purchase a 3D printer. Are you interested in 3D printing as a hobby? Or for business? Do you want to create small-sized models, or large ones? Whatever your preference, there is a 3D printer that can help you.

If you’re a beginner, it is a good idea to start with Cartesian 3D printers, and then advance to CoreXY printers. It is easy to assemble Cartesian printers, while CoreXY printers take a lot more practice.

This CoreXY Vs Cartesian guide should be able to assist you in your 3D printing journey.

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